Volkswagen Group stands accused of
manipulating software to circumvent tough US exhaust emission standards for some of the
diesel-fuelled cars it sold in the US, leaving the company highly vulnerable to millions in future
fines and rectification costs.
The accusation, made public late last week, came from the US Environmental Protection Agency
(EPA), and covers roughly 482,000 VW Group diesel
passenger cars sold in the United States since 2008.
The list of affected 2009 to 2015 model year diesels sold in the US includes
Volkswagen’s Jetta, Beetle, Golf and Passat as well as Audi’s A3.
Under normal US driving operations, NOx emissions of these diesels are up to 40 times the standard, according to
The software produced by Volkswagen is a “defeat device,” as defined by the US Clean Air
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